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[Muscle, tendon and joint injections : What is the evidence?].

Injections at tendon insertions, in muscles and in joints are an important instrument in the conservative treatment of musculoskeletal diseases, for acute injuries as well as for chronic degenerative diseases. Local anesthetic agents and glucocorticoids are well-established medications; however, severe side effects, such as chondrolysis have sometimes been reported, particularly for local anesthetic agents. In addition platelet rich plasma (PRP) and hyaluronic acid are also widely used; however, the clinical effectiveness has not always been proven. This article gives an overview on the most commonly used medications for injections and the mechanisms of action. The indications for treatment and the evidence for the clinical adminstration of muscle, tendon and joint injections are described based on the currently available literature.

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