Testosterone undecanoate improves sexual function in men with type 2 diabetes and severe hypogonadism: results from a 30-week randomized placebo-controlled study

Geoffrey Hackett, Nigel Cole, Atif Saghir, Peter Jones, Richards C Strange, Sudarshan Ramachandran
BJU International 2016, 118 (5): 804-813

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sexual function response to 30 weeks' treatment with long-acting testosterone undecanoate (TU) or placebo in 199 men with type 2 diabetes and either severe or mild hypogonadism (HG).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: Men with HG were identified from seven primary care type 2 diabetes registers. A 30-week randomized placebo-controlled study of TU was carried out in 199 of these men (placebo, n = 107, TU, n = 92). The patient-reported outcome measure was the 15-item International Index of Erectile Function score. Men completing the study (n=189) were stratified, firstly, by baseline total testosterone (TT) or free testosterone (FT) into mild HG (TT 8.1-12 nmol/L or FT 0.18-0.25 nmol/L) and severe HG groups (TT ≤8 nmol/L and FT ≤0.18 nmol/L), and secondly, by intervention (placebo or TU), thereby creating four groups: mild HG/placebo; mild HG/TU; severe HG/placebo and severe HG/TU.

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Changes in sexual function score (a secondary outcome of the study) at each visit within group (from baseline) and between groups (TU vs placebo) at each assessment (6, 18 and 30 weeks) were compared using a Wilcoxon signed-rank and Wilcoxon rank-sum test, respectively.

RESULTS: Significant improvement in erectile function was evident only in the severe HG group after 30 weeks of TU treatment; this finding persisted when TU was compared with placebo. Intercourse satisfaction and sexual desire scores were also improved at 6, 18 and 30 weeks in the severe HG group after TU treatment; this increase in scores was also evident when compared with placebo. TU did not appear to alter orgasmic function significantly in any of the patient groups.

CONCLUSIONS: The present study suggests that benefit in sexual symptoms after TU treatment is evident principally in patients with HG with TT levels ≤8 nmol/L and FT levels ≤0.18 nmol/L. We also suggest that 30 weeks of treatment is necessary before evaluating improvement in erectile function.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"