[Effect of trichostatin A on the osteogenic differentiation potential of periodontal ligament stem cells in inflammatory microenvironment induced by tumor necrosis factor-α stimulation]

H Wang, Q Chen, W J Liu, Z H Yang, D Li, F Jin
Zhonghua Kou Qiang Yi Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Kouqiang Yixue Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Stomatology 2016 April 9, 51 (4): 235-41

OBJECTIVE: To compare the expression of histone deacetylase(HDAC)1-11 of human periodontal ligament stem cells(PDLSC)in normal and inflammatory microenvironments, and to investigate the effect of histone deacetylase inhibitor trichostatin A(TSA)on the osteogenic differentiation potential of PDLSC in inflammatory microenvironment induced by tumor necrosis factor-α(TNF-α)stimulation.

METHODS: PDLSC were isolated from periodontal ligament tissues obtained from the surgically extracted human teeth and cultured by single-colony selection. The expression of HDAC1-11 in cells with or without TNF-α(10 μg/L)stimulation was evaluated by quantitative real time-PCR(RT-PCR). The effect of TSA on cell proliferation was investigated by methyl thiazolyl tetrazolium(MTT)assay. The influence of TSA on osteogenic differentiation of PDLSC in inflammatory microenvironment with TNF-α stimulation was assessed by alizarin red staining, quantitative RT-PCR and Western blotting, respectively.

RESULTS: The expression of HDAC in PDLSC with TNF-α stimulation was significantly higher than that in normal PDLSC(P<0.05)(except HDAC7, P=0.243). TSA had no significant effect on PDLSC proliferation at the concentration of 50 nmol/L(P=0.232). The alizarin red staining showed that PDLSC in TNF-α group generated less mineralized nodule than the control group, while the cell matrix mineralization in TSA group was improved obviously. TNF-α had an inhibitory effect on the expression of osteogenesis related genes, runt-related transcription factor-2(RUNX2)and alkaline phosphatase(ALP), with relative gene expression ratio(experimental/control)decreased to 0.17 ± 0.02 and 0.32 ± 0.03, while TSA could significantly increase the genes' expression to 0.67±0.03 and 0.89±0.02(P<0.01). Western blotting test showed that in TNF-α group the expression of osteogenesis related proteins was obviously reduced, and compared with the TNF-α group, TSA could significantly promote the expression of proteinsin inflammatory microenvironment.

CONCLUSIONS: PDLSC in inflammatory microenvironment by TNF-α stimulation had a higher expression of HDAC than that in normal conditions. TSA, as a histone deacetylase inhibitor, could significantly promote the osteogenic differentiation potential of PDLSC in inflammatory microenvironment by suppressing HDAC.

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