Incarcerated umbilical Littre's hernia at the trocar site of a previous laparoscopic surgical procedure

M Bailon-Cuadrado, M Rodriguez-Lopez, J I Blanco-Alvarez, P L Rodriguez-Vielba
Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 2016, 98 (5): e82-3

INTRODUCTION: Prevalence of Littre's hernia (protrusion of a Meckel´s diverticulum through an opening in the abdominal wall) is very low, and Littre's hernias found in an umbilical site are uncommon. Even rarer are cases of an incarcerated hernia resulting in a surgical emergency. Trocar-site hernias are a relatively common complication after laparoscopic cholecystectomy that develop in association with insertion of wide trocars (usually at the umbilical port).

CASE HISTORY: A 63-year-old female with a history of obesity, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, laparoscopic cholecystectomy and open hysterectomy arrived at hospital complaining of acute umbilical pain but with no other symptoms or fever. A painful mass observed was believed to be an incarcerated umbilical hernia at a trocar site used in previous laparoscopic surgery. Emergency surgery was undertaken: the opening of the hernia sac revealed a Meckel's diverticulum within it. The Meckel's diverticulum was resected using a stapler, followed by herniorrhaphy and hernioplasty. Postoperative recovery was uneventful.

CONCLUSION: An incarcerated umbilical Littre's hernia at a laparoscopic trocar site has not been reported before. To avoid this complication, we agree with the numerous authors who recommend closure of trocar sites of width ≥10mm.

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