JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Impact of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy on symptoms, health-related quality of life and sexuality: A 3-year prospective study]

A Chevrot, S Droupy, E Linares, R de Tayrac, P Costa, L Wagner
Progrès en Urologie 2016, 26 (10): 558-65
27052819

OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the impact of laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy on symptoms, health-related quality of life and sexuality after a 36 month-follow-up. We also reported anatomical outcomes and reoperation rate.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: A prospective monocentric study was carried out including 82 women with symptomatic Pelvic Organ Prolapse (POP) stage≥2 according to Pelvic Organ Prolapse Quantification classification. Symptoms were evaluated using the Pelvic Floor Distress Inventory (PFDI-20) and health-related quality of life by the Pelvic Floor Impact Questionnaire (PFIQ-7). Sexual function was evaluated using the Pelvic Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire (PISQ-12). Measurements were recorded at the preoperative examination, then at 3, 12 and 36 months after surgery.

RESULTS: PFDI-20 scores were significantly improved at 3 months (91.9 vs. 31.8, P<0.05) and PFIQ-7 scores also (60.8 vs. 16, P<0.05). This scores improvement remained significant at 12 months. There was no significant difference between results obtained at 12 and 36 months for PFDI-20 (36.8 vs. 42.2, P>0.05) and for PFIQ-7 (18.4 vs. 24.7, P>0.05). PISQ-12 score remained significantly improved at 3, 12 and 36 months compared to baseline (34.8, 35.3, 38.5 and 38.5, respectively). Ten patients (12.8%) had anatomical recurrence at 36 months for posterior compartment, 4 (5.1%) for anterior compartment and 1 (1.2%) for medium compartment. Four patients (4.9%) required reintervention.

CONCLUSION: Laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy improved early functional outcome that remained significant after at least a 36 months follow up.

LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: 4.

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