Prognostic Significance of Hyperuricemia in Patients With Acute Heart Failure

Alberto Palazzuoli, Gaetano Ruocco, Marco Pellegrini, Matteo Beltrami, Nicola Giordano, Ranuccio Nuti, Peter A McCullough
American Journal of Cardiology 2016 May 15, 117 (10): 1616-1621
Serum uric acid (UA) is associated with death and hospitalization in chronic heart failure (HF). However, UA in acute HF has not been well studied with respect to its relation to renal dysfunction and vascular congestion. We measured admission serum UA along with baseline variables in 281 patients with acute HF screened from the Loop Diuretics Administration and Acute Heart Failure (Diur-HF) trial. Hyperuricemia was defined as serum UA >7 mg/dl in men and >6 mg/dl in women. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) was defined as an estimated glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m(2) before hospital admission. Death or HF hospitalization at 6 months was the primary outcome. The mean UA concentration was 6.4 ± 2.5 mg/dl, and 121 patients (43.1%) were classified as hyperuricemic. UA values were significantly increased in patients with CKD compared to patients without CKD (6.8 ± 2.7 vs 6.1 ± 2.1 mg/dl; p = 0.02); however, UA was not associated with the development of acute kidney injury. Patients with hyperuricemia had greater degrees of pulmonary and systemic congestion than normouricemic patients (congestion score 3.5 vs 2.1, p <0.01). Hyperuricemia was associated with higher risk of death or HF rehospitalization (univariate hazard ratio 1.46 [1.02 to 2.10]; p = 0.04, multivariate hazard ratio 1.69 [1.16 to 2.45]; p = 0.005). In conclusion, hospitalized patients with acute HF, elevated UA levels were associated with both CKD and pulmonary congestion. After controlling for potential confounders, hyperuricemia was associated with rehospitalization and death at 6 months.


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