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Pediatric Endoscopic Cholesteatoma Surgery.

OBJECTIVES: (1) To describe and review a single center's pediatric endoscopic cholesteatoma experience, including surgical and audiologic outcomes. (2) To assess the most common locations of residual cholesteatoma following endoscopic removal.

STUDY DESIGN: Case series with chart review.

SETTING: Tertiary otologic referral center.

SUBJECTS: Patients <19 years of age who underwent cholesteatoma removal with either endoscopic or microscopic visualization.

METHODS: In a comparison of patients who underwent total endoscopic ear surgery (TEES), combined endoscopic-microscopic surgery, or microscopic surgery, analyzed outcomes included locations and incidence of recurrent and residual cholesteatoma, complications, and audiometric testing.

RESULTS: Sixty-six patients (mean age, 10.9 years; range, 4-18 years; 43.4% female) with 76 ears met inclusion criteria. The average overall follow-up was 18.8 months (range, 6.7-48.3). Forty-seven (61.8%) ears underwent microscopic removal of cholesteatoma; 29 (38.1%) ears underwent combined endoscopic-microscopic removal; and 8 (10.5%) ears underwent TEES removal. Significantly more mastoidectomies were completed in microscopic cases as compared with endoscopic cases (P = .049). Though second-look procedures occurred in 15 (51.7%) endoscopic cases and 10 (21.3%) microscopic cases (P = .006), the rate of residual disease was 20.0% and 40.0% in endoscopic and microscopic cases, respectively (P = .38). When controlling for preoperative hearing, only the air-bone gap for TEES demonstrated significant improvement (P = .009). No complications were noted.

CONCLUSION: The present report describes our experience with pediatric endoscopic cholesteatoma surgery, demonstrating similar hearing outcomes, rates of recurrence and residual disease, and complication rates as compared with traditional microscopic techniques.

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