MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Role of spinal 5-HT2 receptors subtypes in formalin-induced long-lasting hypersensitivity

Claudia Cervantes-Durán, Guadalupe C Vidal-Cantú, Beatriz Godínez-Chaparro, Vinicio Granados-Soto
Pharmacological Reports: PR 2016, 68 (2): 434-42
26922550

BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to determine the role of spinal 5-HT2A, 5-HT2B and 5-HT2C receptors in the development and maintenance of formalin-induced long-lasting secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia in rats, as well as their expression in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG) during this process.

METHODS: 0.5-1% formalin was used to produce long-lasting secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia in rats. Western blot was used to determine 5-HT2 receptors expression in DRG.

RESULTS: Formalin (0.5-1%) injection produced long-lasting (1-12 days) secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia in both ipsilateral and contralateral hind paws. Intrathecal pre-treatment or post-treatment with the 5-HT2 receptor agonist, DOI (1-10nmol), increased 0.5% formalin-induced secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia in both paws. In contrast, intrathecal pre-treatment with the selective 5-HT2A (ketanserin 1-100nmol), 5-HT2B (RS 127445 1-100nmol) or 5-HT2C (RS 102221 1-100nmol) receptor antagonists prevented and reversed, respectively, 1% formalin-induced secondary allodynia and hyperalgesia in both paws. Likewise, the pronociceptive effect of DOI (10nmol) was blocked by ketanserin, RS 127445 or RS 102221 (0.01nmol). 5-HT2A/2B/2C receptors were expressed in DRG of naïve rats. Formalin injection (1%) increased bilaterally 5-HT2A/2B receptors expression in DRG. In contrast, formalin injection decreased 5-HT2C receptors expression bilaterally in DRG.

CONCLUSION: Data suggest that spinal 5-HT2A/2B/2C receptors have pronociceptive effects and participate in the development and maintenance of formalin-induced long-lasting hypersensitivity. These receptors are expressed in DRG and their expression is modulated by formalin.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26922550
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"