OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

A modified HEART risk score in chest pain patients with suspected non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome

Chun-Peng Ma, Xiao Wang, Qing-Sheng Wang, Xiao-Li Liu, Xiao-Nan He, Shao-Ping Nie
Journal of Geriatric Cardiology: JGC 2016, 13 (1): 64-9
26918015

OBJECTIVE: To validate a modified HEART [History, Electrocardiograph (ECG), Age, Risk factors and Troponin] risk score in chest pain patients with suspected non-ST-segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTE-ACS) in the emergency department (ED).

METHODS: This retrospective cohort study used a prospectively acquired database and chest pain patients admitted to the emergency department with suspected NSTE-ACS were enrolled. Data recorded on arrival at the ED were used. The serum sample of high-sensitivity cardiac Troponin I other than conventional cardiac Troponin I used in the HEART risk score was tested. The modified HEART risk score was calculated. The end point was the occurrence of major adverse cardiac events (MACE) defined as a composite of acute myocardial infarction (AMI), percutaneous intervention (PCI), coronary artery bypass graft (CABG), or all-cause death, within three months after initial presentation.

RESULTS: A total of 1,300 patients were enrolled. A total of 606 patients (46.6%) had a MACE within three months: 205 patients (15.8%) were diagnosed with AMI, 465 patients (35.8%) underwent PCI, and 119 patients (9.2%) underwent CABG. There were 10 (0.8%) deaths. A progressive, significant pattern of increasing event rate was observed as the score increased (P < 0.001 by χ (2) for trend). The area under the receiver operating characteristic curve was 0.84. All patients were classified into three groups: low risk (score 0-2), intermediate risk (score 3-4), and high risk (score 5-10). Event rates were 1.1%, 18.5%, and 67.0%, respectively (P < 0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: The modified HEART risk score was validated in chest pain patients with suspected NSTE-ACS and may complement MACE risk assessment and patients triage in the ED. A prospective study of the score is warranted.

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26918015
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"