Role of 18F-FDG PET/CT in the diagnosis of inflammatory and infectious vascular disease

Beata Ewa Chrapko, Marek Chrapko, Anna Nocuń, Bogusław Stefaniak, Tomasz Zubilewicz, Andrzej Drop
Nuclear Medicine Review. Central & Eastern Europe 2016, 19 (1): 28-36
This review article discusses the utility of 18F-FDG PET/CT in diagnosis and management of vascular disease. We stress usefulness of this method in large vessel inflammation and infection. In our work we based on the literature analysis and clinical cases diagnosed in our institution by use of 18F-FDG PET/CT. The literature exploration was focusing on vascular inflammation and infections and 18-FDG PET. The search was performed on PubMed database and cross referencing. We present the practical review with several images of vascular diseases like: Takayasu arteritis, giant cell arteritis, vascular graft infections, abdominal aortic aneurysm infections and cases of aortitis and periaortitis. From this work inflammation associated with atheromatic process and vulnerable atherosclerotic plaque we excluded. 18F-FGD PET/CT is a sensitive metabolic, reliable, non-invasive imaging modality suitable for diagnosis and follow-up of inflammation and infections in vascular system.

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