Although IABP support induces left ventricular unloading, these beneficial effect does not lead to improved microcirculation and survival. The use of percutaneous extracorporeal support systems (ECLS, ECMO) as well as left ventricular assist devices (pVAD) for adjunctive treatment of STEMI has increased during the recent years, but without sufficient evidence for a survival benefit. The PCI-access via the radial artery may lead to improved outcomes, especially in regard to survival. A liberal transfusion regimen for red cell packages in the perioperative phase of cardiac surgery seems to improve outcomes in regard to lower incidence of cardiogenic shock postoperatively.
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