JOURNAL ARTICLE

Serum levels of thyroid hormones and thyroid stimulating hormone in patients with biliogenic and hyperlipidaemic acute pancreatitis: Difference and value in predicting disease severity

Ning Yang, Dong-Lei Zhang, Jian-Yu Hao, Guang Wang
Journal of International Medical Research 2016, 44 (2): 267-77
26811409

OBJECTIVES: To compare retrospectively serum levels of thyroid hormones (THs) and thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) between patients with biliogenic acute pancreatitis (BAP) and those with hyperlipidaemic acute pancreatitis (HLAP), in order to assess their value for predicting the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP).

METHODS: Patients with AP were divided into BAP and HLAP groups, then further divided into either a mild AP (MAP) group or a moderately severe AP (MSAP) group. Routine blood parameters were measured. Free tri-iodothyronine (FT3), free thyroxine (FT4) and TSH levels were measured.

RESULTS: Seventy-six patients with AP were enrolled in the study. FT3 and TSH levels were significantly higher in patients with MAP than in patients with MSAP. FT4 and TSH levels were significantly lower in the HLAP group than in the BAP group. TSH levels in both MAP and MSAP patients were significantly lower in the HLAP group than in the BAP group. TSH was inversely correlated with triglyceride levels in patients with HLAP. FT3 was a risk factor for MSAP in patients with AP and also demonstrated moderate accuracy in predicting AP severity.

CONCLUSIONS: THs and TSH decrease with the severity of AP, especially in patients with HLAP. FT3 may be a useful biomarker for the early assessment of the severity of AP.

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