JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

Diagnostic Accuracy of Tissue Doppler Index E/e' for Evaluating Left Ventricular Filling Pressure and Diastolic Dysfunction/Heart Failure With Preserved Ejection Fraction: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis

Oleg F Sharifov, Chun G Schiros, Inmaculada Aban, Thomas S Denney, Himanshu Gupta
Journal of the American Heart Association 2016 January 25, 5 (1)
26811160

BACKGROUND: Tissue Doppler index E/e' is used clinically and in multidisciplinary research for estimation of left ventricular filling pressure (LVFP) and diastolic dysfunction (DD)/heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF). Its diagnostic accuracy is not well studied.

METHODS AND RESULTS: From the PubMed, Scopus, Embase, and Cochrane databases, we identified 24 studies reporting E/e' and invasive LVFP in preserved EF (≥50%). In random-effects models, E/e' had poor to mediocre linear correlation with LVFP. Summary sensitivity and specificity (with 95% CIs) for the American Society of Echocardiography-recommended E/e' cutoffs (lateral, mean, and septal, respectively) to identify elevated LVFP was estimated by using hierarchical summary receiver operating characteristic analysis. Summary sensitivity was 30% (9-48%), 37% (13-61%), and 24% (6-46%), and summary specificity was 92% (82-100%), 91% (80-99%), and 98% (92-100%). Positive likelihood ratio (LR+) was <5 for lateral and mean E/e'. LR+ was slightly >10 for septal E/e' obtained from 4 studies (cumulative sample size <220). For excluding elevated LVFP, summary sensitivity for E/e' (lateral, mean, and septal, respectively) was 64% (38-86%), 36% (3-74%), and 50% (14-81%), while summary specificity was 73% (54-89%), 83% (49-100%), and 89% (66-100%). Because of data set limitations, meaningful inference for identifying HFpEF by using E/e' could not be drawn. With the use of quality assessment tool for diagnostic accuracy studies (Quality Assessment of Diagnostic Accuracy Studies questionnaire), we found substantial risks of bias and/or applicability.

CONCLUSIONS: There is insufficient evidence to support that E/e' can reliably estimate LVFP in preserved EF. The diagnostic accuracy of E/e' to identify/exclude elevated LVFP and DD/HFpEF is limited and requires further validation in a well-designed prospective clinical trial.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26811160
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"