A Novel Pedestrian Navigation Algorithm for a Foot-Mounted Inertial-Sensor-Based System

Mingrong Ren, Kai Pan, Yanhong Liu, Hongyu Guo, Xiaodong Zhang, Pu Wang
Sensors 2016, 16 (1)
This paper proposes a novel zero velocity update (ZUPT) method for a foot-mounted pedestrian navigation system (PNS). First, the error model of the PNS is developed and a Kalman filter is built based on the error model. Second, a novel zero velocity detection algorithm based on the variations in speed over a gait cycle is proposed. A finite state machine including three states is employed to model a gait cycle. The state transition conditions are determined based on speed using a sliding window. Third, the ZUPT software flow is illustrated and described. Finally, the performances of the proposed method and other methods are examined and compared experimentally. The experimental results show that the mean relative accuracy of the proposed method is 0.89% under various motion modes.

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