Near-IR Emitting Iridium(III) Complexes with Heteroaromatic β-Diketonate Ancillary Ligands for Efficient Solution-Processed OLEDs: Structure-Property Correlations

Sagar Kesarkar, Wojciech Mróz, Marta Penconi, Mariacecilia Pasini, Silvia Destri, Marco Cazzaniga, Davide Ceresoli, Patrizia R Mussini, Clara Baldoli, Umberto Giovanella, Alberto Bossi
Angewandte Chemie 2016 February 18, 55 (8): 2714-8
Three NIR-emitting neutral Ir(III) complexes [Ir(iqbt)2 (dpm)] (1), [Ir(iqbt)2 (tta)] (2), and [Ir(iqbt)2 (dtdk)] (3) based on the 1-(benzo[b]thiophen-2-yl)-isoquinolinate (iqtb) were synthesized and characterized (dpm=2,2,6,6-tetramethyl-3,5-heptanedionate; tta=2-thienoyltrifluoroacetonate; dtdk=1,3-di(thiophen-2-yl)propane-1,3-dionate). The compounds emit between λ=680 and 850 nm with high luminescence quantum yields (up to 16 %). By combining electrochemistry, photophysical measurements, and computational modelling, the relationship between the structure, energy levels, and properties were investigated. NIR-emitting, solution-processed phosphorescent organic light-emitting devices (PHOLEDs) were fabricated using the complexes. The devices show remarkable external quantum efficiencies (above 3 % with 1) with negligible efficiency roll-off values, exceeding the highest reported values for solution-processible NIR emitters.

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