A Model for Predicting Persistent Elevation of Factor VIII among Patients with Acute Ischemic Stroke

Alyana A Samai, Amelia K Boehme, Amir Shaban, Alexander J George, Lauren Dowell, Dominique J Monlezun, Cindy Leissinger, Laurie Schluter, Ramy El Khoury, Sheryl Martin-Schild
Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association 2016, 25 (2): 428-35

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Elevated levels of coagulation factor VIII (FVIII) may persist independent of the acute-phase response; however, this relationship has not been investigated relative to acute ischemic stroke (AIS). We examined the frequency and predictors of persistently elevated FVIII in AIS patients.

METHODS: AIS patients admitted between July 2008 and May 2014 with elevated baseline FVIII levels and repeat FVIII levels drawn for more than 7 days postdischarge were included. The patients were dichotomized by repeat FVIII level for univariate analysis at 150% and 200% activity thresholds. An adjusted model was developed to predict the likelihood of persistently elevated FVIII levels.

RESULTS: Among 1616 AIS cases, 98 patients with elevated baseline FVIII had repeat FVIII levels. Persistent FVIII elevation was found in more than 75% of patients. At the 150% threshold, the prediction score ranged from 0 to 7 and included black race, female sex, prior stroke, hyperlipidemia, smoking, baseline FVIII > 200%, and baseline von Willebrand factor (vWF) level greater than 200%. At the 200% threshold, the prediction score ranged from 0-5 and included female sex, prior stroke, diabetes mellitus, baseline FVIII level greater 200%, and baseline vWF level greater than 200%. For each 1-point increase in score, the odds of persistent FVIII at both the 150% threshold (odds ratio [OR] = 10.4, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.63-66.9, P = .0134) and 200% threshold (OR = 10.2, 95% CI 1.82-57.5, P = .0083) increased 10 times.

CONCLUSION: Because an elevated FVIII level confers increased stroke risk, our model for anticipating a persistently elevated FVIII level may identify patients at high risk for recurrent stroke. FVIII may be a target for secondary stroke prevention.

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