[Paroxysmal finger haematoma (Achenbach syndrome)]

B Sigha, L Josselin, M Gatfosse, L Fardet
Annales de Dermatologie et de Vénéréologie 2016, 143 (2): 130-3

BACKGROUND: Paroxysmal finger haematoma (also known as "Achenbach syndrome") is a benign condition resulting in the sudden appearance of bruising on one or more fingers, either spontaneously or after minimal trauma, and resolving without treatment. To date, less than 40 cases have been reported.

PATIENTS AND METHODS: We report two cases of women aged over 50 years presenting for sudden onset of digital haematomas occurring spontaneously without any prior trauma. Laboratory and radiological tests appeared to be normal for both patients. History-taking and clinical and laboratory data pointed towards a diagnosis of spontaneous paroxysmal finger haematoma. Each episode resolved spontaneously but, as is generally seen, recurrences occurred during follow-up.

DISCUSSION: In the absence of known aetiologies and/or treatments for spontaneous paroxysmal finger haematomas, a knowledge of this rare condition can at least help doctors reassure their patients by diagnosing their condition and pointing out the benign nature thereof. It also helps avoid costly and unwarranted additional investigations.

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