Computationally efficient method for localizing the spiral rotor source using synthetic intracardiac electrograms during atrial fibrillation

M H Shariat, S Gazor, D Redfearn
Conference Proceedings: Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society 2015, 2015: 4483-6
Atrial fibrillation (AF), the most common sustained cardiac arrhythmia, is an extremely costly public health problem. Catheter-based ablation is a common minimally invasive procedure to treat AF. Contemporary mapping methods are highly dependent on the accuracy of anatomic localization of rotor sources within the atria. In this paper, using simulated atrial intracardiac electrograms (IEGMs) during AF, we propose a computationally efficient method for localizing the tip of the electrical rotor with an Archimedean/arithmetic spiral wavefront. The proposed method deploys the locations of electrodes of a catheter and their IEGMs activation times to estimate the unknown parameters of the spiral wavefront including its tip location. The proposed method is able to localize the spiral as soon as the wave hits three electrodes of the catheter. Our simulation results show that the method can efficiently localize the spiral wavefront that rotates either clockwise or counterclockwise.


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