Predicting outcome of epilepsy after meningioma resection

Hans-Georg Wirsching, Corinne Morel, Corinne Gmür, Marian Christoph Neidert, Christian Richard Baumann, Antonios Valavanis, Elisabeth Jane Rushing, Niklaus Krayenbühl, Michael Weller
Neuro-oncology 2016, 18 (7): 1002-10

BACKGROUND: Surgical excision is the standard treatment for intracranial meningiomas. Epilepsy is a major cause of morbidity in meningioma patients, but postoperative control of epilepsy is not achieved in a substantial fraction of patients. The purpose of this study was to define risk factors for postoperative epilepsy.

METHODS: Patients treated for histologically confirmed intracranial meningioma at the University Hospital Zurich between 2000 and 2013 were retrospectively analyzed. Demographic, clinical, imaging, and electroencephalographic data were assessed. A binary regression model was applied to identify risk factors for postoperative epilepsy.

RESULTS: Of the 779 patients analyzed, epileptic seizures occurred in 244 (31.3%) patients before surgery and in 204 (26.6%) patients after surgery. Of the 244 patients with preoperative epilepsy, 144 (59.0%) became seizure-free after surgery; of the 535 patients without preoperative seizures, 104 (19.4%) suffered from epilepsy after surgery. Risk factors for postoperative epilepsy were preoperative epilepsy (odds ratio [OR]: 3.46 [95% confidence interval {CI}: 2.32-5.16]), major surgical complications including CNS infections (OR: 5.89 [95% CI: 1.53-22.61]), hydrocephalus (OR: 3.27 [95% CI: 1.35-7.95]), recraniotomy (OR: 2.91 [95% CI: 1.25-6.78]), and symptomatic intracranial hemorrhage (OR: 2.60 [95% CI: 1.17-5.76]) as well as epileptiform EEG potentials (OR: 2.52 [95% CI: 1.36-4.67]), younger age (OR: 1.74 [(95% CI: 1.18-2.58]), and tumor progression (OR: 1.92 [95% CI: 1.16-3.18]). Postoperative improvement or recovery from preoperative neurologic deficits was associated with improved seizure control (OR: 0.46 [95% CI: 0.25-0.85], P = .013).

CONCLUSION: We suggest prospective validation of a score ("STAMPE2") based on clinical findings, EEG, and brain-imaging measures to estimate postoperative seizure risk and guide anticonvulsant treatment in meningioma patients.

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