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JOURNAL ARTICLE

The Anti-Amyloid-β Monoclonal Antibody 4G8 Recognizes a Generic Sequence-Independent Epitope Associated with α-Synuclein and Islet Amyloid Polypeptide Amyloid Fibrils

Asa Hatami, Sanaz Monjazeb, Charles Glabe
Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD 2016, 50 (2): 517-25
26682688
Recently we reported that several monoclonal antibodies that recognize linear segments of amyloid-β (Aβ) also recognize amyloid fibrils, but not monomers of unrelated sequences, indicating that recognition of a linear sequence segment is not a reliable indicator of sequence specificity. We asked whether any of the commonly used commercially available Aβ antibodies also recognize fibrils of unrelated sequence. Here we report that 4G8, which recognizes residues 18-23 of the Aβ sequence and is widely believed to be sequence-specific, also recognizes fibrils formed from α-synuclein and islet amyloid polypeptide (IAPP). The recognition of amyloid fibrils is aggregation-dependent because 4G8 does not recognize α-synuclein or IAPP monomer. 4G8 also stains fibrillar α-synuclein aggregates in human multiple system atrophy brain where it colocalizes with anti-α-synuclein monoclonal antibody LB509 immunoreactivity. We also found that LB509 recognizes Aβ fibrils, but not monomer, indicating that generic epitope-reactive antibodies are also produced in response to α-synuclein immunization. Taken together, our results indicate that generic fibril conformational epitope specificity may be a pervasive property among monoclonal antibodies raised against amyloid-forming antigens and that the specificity of their immunoreactivity should be rigorously established and otherwise interpreted with caution.

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