JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

Albuminuria and tolvaptan in autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease: results of the TEMPO 3:4 Trial

Ron T Gansevoort, Esther Meijer, Arlene B Chapman, Frank S Czerwiec, Olivier Devuyst, Jared J Grantham, Eiji Higashihara, Holly B Krasa, John Ouyang, Ronald D Perrone, Vicente E Torres
Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation 2016, 31 (11): 1887-1894
26681730

BACKGROUND: The TEMPO 3:4 Trial results suggested that tolvaptan had no effect compared with placebo on albuminuria in autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (ADPKD) patients. However, the use of categorical 'albuminuria events' may have resulted in a loss of sensitivity to detect changes. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of tolvaptan on albuminuria as a continuous variable.

METHODS: Post hoc analysis of a 3-year prospective, blinded randomized controlled trial, including 1375 ADPKD patients. Albuminuria was measured in a spot morning urine sample prior to tolvaptan dosing and expressed as albumin-to-creatinine ratio (ACR).

RESULTS: Baseline median (interquartile range) ACR was 3.2 (1.7-7.1) mg/mmol. Of note, 47.9% of ADPKD patients had normal, 48.7% moderately increased and 3.4% severely increased ACR. Subjects with higher baseline ACR had higher blood pressure and total kidney volume (TKV) and lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). During follow-up, higher baseline ACR was associated with more rapid eGFR loss (P < 0.0001 for trend), but not with rate of growth in TKV. During the 3-year trial, ACR rose in placebo- and decreased in tolvaptan-treated patients (+0.23 versus -0.40 mg/mmol). The difference ACR increased over time, reaching a maximum of 24% at Month 36 (P < 0.001). At that time only a minor difference in blood pressure was observed (mean arterial pressure -1.9 mmHg for tolvaptan). The decrease in ACR was similar in all subgroups investigated, and remained after withdrawal of study drug. The beneficial effect of tolvaptan on TKV growth and eGFR loss was stronger in patients with higher baseline ACR.

CONCLUSIONS: In ADPKD, higher baseline albuminuria was associated with more eGFR loss. Tolvaptan decreased albuminuria compared with placebo, independent of blood pressure. Treatment efficacy of tolvaptan on changes in TKV and eGFR was more readily detected in patients with higher albuminuria.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Trending Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26681730
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"