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Application of Phosphonium Ionic Liquids as Ion Carriers in Polymer Inclusion Membranes (PIMs) for Separation of Cadmium(II) and Copper(II) from Aqueous Solutions

Beata Pospiech
Journal of Solution Chemistry 2015, 44 (12): 2431-2447
Facilitated transport through polymer inclusion membranes (PIMs) is a promising method for simultaneous separation and removal of valuable and toxic metal ions from aqueous solutions. Recently, ionic liquids (ILs) have been used as extracting agents for metal ions due to their unique physicochemical properties. This paper presents research on the facilitated transport of cadmium(II) and copper(II) ions from aqueous chloride solutions through PIMs with phosphonium ILs as new selective ion carriers. Cellulose triacetate membranes containing o-nitrophenyl octyl ether (ONPOE) as a plasticizer and Cyphos IL 101 [trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium chloride] or Cyphos IL 104 [trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinate] as the ion carriers have been prepared and applied for investigations. Cd(II) ions were transported preferably from hydrochloric acid solutions containing Cu(II) ions through the PIMs. Higher selectivity coefficient of Cd(II) over Cu(II) (S Cd/Cu) from 0.1 mol·dm(-3) hydrochloric acid was obtained for PIM with Cyphos IL 104 as the ion carrier. The influence of HCl and NaCl concentrations in the source phase on metal ion transport across PIM doped with Cyphos 104 was studied. It was found that the initial fluxes of Cd(II) and Cu(II) increase with increasing chloride ions concentration in the source phase. The selectivity coefficient for Cd(II) over Cu(II) decreases with increasing HCl concentration in the source phase. The results suggest that the separation system presented in this paper can be useful for the removal of Cd(II) from acidic chloride solutions in the presence of Cu(II).


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