The use of non-contrast computed tomography and color Doppler ultrasound in the characterization of urinary stones - preliminary results

Mesut Bulakçı, Tzevat Tefik, Fatih Akbulut, Mehmet Tolgahan Örmeci, Caner Beşe, Öner Şanlı, Tayfun Oktar, Artür Salmaslıoğlu
Turkish Journal of Urology 2015, 41 (4): 165-70

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of density value in computed tomography (CT) and twinkling artifact observed in color Doppler analysis for the prediction of the mineral composition of urinary stones.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: A total of 42 patients who were operated via percutaneous or endoscopic means and had undergone abdominal non-contrast CT and color Doppler ultrasonography examinations were included in the study. X-ray diffraction method was utilized to analyze a total of 86 stones, and the correlations between calculated density values and twinkling intensities with stone types were investigated for each stone.

RESULTS: Analyses of extracted stones revealed the presence of 40 calcium oxalate monohydrate, 12 calcium oxalate dihydrate, 9 uric acid, 11 calcium phosphate, and 14 cystine stones. The density values were calculated as 1499±269 Hounsfield Units (HU) for calcium oxalate monohydrate, 1505±221 HU for calcium oxalate dihydrate, 348±67 HU for uric acid, 1106±219 HU for calcium phosphate, and 563±115 HU for cystine stones. The artifact intensities were determined as grade 0 in 15, grade 1 in 32, grade 2 in 24, and grade 3 in 15 stones.

CONCLUSION: In case the density value of the stone is measured below 780 HU and grade 3 artifact intensity is determined, it can be inferred that the mineral composition of the stone tends to be cystine.

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