OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE

Trends in traumatic out-of-hospital cardiac arrest in Perth, Western Australia from 1997 to 2014

Ben Beck, Hideo Tohira, Janet E Bray, Lahn Straney, Elizabeth Brown, Madoka Inoue, Teresa A Williams, Nicole McKenzie, Antonio Celenza, Paul Bailey, Judith Finn
Resuscitation 2016, 98: 79-84
26620392

AIM: This study aims to describe and compare traumatic and medical out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) occurring in Perth, Western Australia, between 1997 and 2014.

METHODS: The St John Ambulance Western Australia (SJA-WA) OHCA Database was used to identify all adult (≥ 16 years) cases. We calculated annual crude and age-sex standardised incidence rates (ASIRs) for traumatic and medical OHCA and investigated trends over time.

RESULTS: Over the study period, SJA-WA attended 1,354 traumatic OHCA and 16,076 medical OHCA cases. The mean annual crude incidence rate of traumatic OHCA in adults attended by SJA-WA was 6.0 per 100,000 (73.9 per 100,000 for medical cases), with the majority resulting from motor vehicle collisions (56.7%). We noted no change to either incidence or mechanism of injury over the study period (p>0.05). Compared to medical OHCA, traumatic OHCA cases were less likely to receive bystander cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) (20.4% vs. 24.5%, p=0.001) or have resuscitation commenced by paramedics (38.9% vs. 44.8%, p<0.001). However, rates of bystander CPR and resuscitation commenced by paramedics increased significantly over time in traumatic OHCA (p<0.001). In cases where resuscitation was commenced by paramedics there was no difference in the proportion who died at the scene (37.2% traumatic vs. 34.3% medical, p=0.17), however, fewer traumatic OHCAs survived to hospital discharge (1.7% vs. 8.7%, p<0.001).

CONCLUSIONS: Despite temporal increases in rates of bystander CPR and paramedic resuscitation, traumatic OHCA survival remains poor with only nine patients surviving from traumatic OHCA over the 18-year period.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26620392
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"