CASE REPORTS
JOURNAL ARTICLE
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Fulminant antenatal pulmonary oedema in a woman with hypertension and superimposed preeclampsia.

BMJ Case Reports 2015 November 26
An asymptomatic 40-year-old para 1 black African woman with pre-existing hypertension and a booking blood pressure of 120/80 mm Hg, was admitted with superimposed preeclampsia diagnosed because of worsening hypertension and significant proteinuria at 27+5 weeks gestation. Antenatally, her blood pressure was controlled with labetalol, and blood tests including serum creatinine were within normal limits for pregnancy. Three days later, the patient developed severe hypertension despite treatment, and reported sudden onset severe shortness of breath; oxygen saturations on air dropped to 93%. Auscultation revealed widespread crepitations leading to a working diagnosis of pulmonary oedema. Despite appropriate management, respiratory function continued to deteriorate and she required intubation, ventilation and emergency caesarean section under general anaesthesia. A live male infant was delivered floppy and was intubated and resuscitated. He awaits discharge home on oxygen. The mother's pulmonary oedema resolved postpartum. Echocardiogram showed left ventricular hypertrophy but normal left ventricular function and the patient's hypertension is being controlled on medication.

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