[Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo associated with Meniere's disease: analysis of 36 cases]

Xiangdong Guo, Qinglin Wang, Xiangsheng Mei, Zhicheng Zhang, Xiao Yang, Peiju He
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery 2015, 29 (10): 925-7

OBJECTIVE: To compare the clinical features and outcomes of benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) associated with Meniere's disease and idiopathic BPPV.

METHOD: Reviewing the clinical records of 372 patients with BPPV, 289 patients with idiopathic BPPV and 36 patients with BPPV accompanied by Meniere's disease and were enrolled in this study. All patients were diagnosed by using the Dix-Hallpike test or roll test and treated with the canalith repositioning procedure. The outcomes were compared between the two groups.

RESULT: The patients with BPPV associated with Meniere's disease presented the following features, in which they differed from the patients with idiopathic BPPV (P < 0.05): (1) a higher percentage of female patients; (2) a longer duration of symptoms; (3) frequent involvement of the horizontal semicircular canal; (4) a greater incidence of canal paresis; (5) more therapeutic sessions needed for cure and a higher rate of recurrence.

CONCLUSION: The BPPV associated with Meniere's disease differs from idiopathic BPPV in clinical features, treatment response recurrence tendency.

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