Molecular Analysis of Libyan Families with Allgrove Syndrome: Geographic Expansion of the Ancestral Mutation c.1331+1G>A in North Africa

Fakhri Kallabi, Imen Ben Rebeh, Rahma Felhi, Dorra Sellami, Saber Masmoudi, Leila Keskes, Hassen Kamoun
Hormone Research in Pædiatrics 2016, 85 (1): 18-21

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Allgrove syndrome is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by alacrima, achalasia, and adrenal insufficiency. It is caused by mutations of the AAAS gene located on chromosome 12q13 encoding the WD-repeat protein ALADIN. The c.1331+1G>A mutation is one of the most common mutations described in the literature and was identified in Tunisian and Algerian populations. Herein, we describe the clinical and genetic profile of two families from Libya in North Africa associated with Allgrove syndrome.

METHODS: Two unrelated families clinically diagnosed with Allgrove syndrome were evaluated for sequence variations in the AAAS gene. Blood samples were collected, and isolated DNA derived from the subjects was amplified. The entire sequence of the AAAS gene was analyzed by PCR-RFLP and direct sequencing.

RESULTS: Molecular analysis revealed the major homozygous mutation (c.1331+1G>A) in all patients. The presence of a major mutation in Tunisia, Algeria and, as discovered in this report, in Libya in patients with Allgrove syndrome suggests the existence of an ancestral mutation and a founder effect in North Africa.

CONCLUSIONS: The findings allow for a fast genetic counseling in North African families with Allgrove syndrome. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first report of Allgrove syndrome in Libya.

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