Impact of dialysis modality on the survival of patients with end-stage renal disease and prior stroke

I-Kuan Wang, Wen-Miin Liang, Cheng-Li Lin, Yao-Lung Liu, Chiz-Tzung Chang, Tzung-Hai Yen, Chiu-Ching Huang, Fung-Chang Sung
International Urology and Nephrology 2016, 48 (1): 139-47

PURPOSE: Of patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD), 8-16 % had a history of stroke at dialysis initiation. We used the National Health Insurance Research Database of Taiwan to evaluate whether peritoneal dialysis (PD) or hemodialysis (HD) confers a survival advantage for patients with incident ESRD and prior stroke.

METHODS: We identified 975 patients undergoing PD and 975 propensity score-matched patients with newly diagnosed ESRD and prior stroke undergoing HD between 2000 and 2010. Both cohorts were followed up until the end of 2011. Comparisons of the risks of mortality between PD and HD were analyzed using the Cox proportional hazards regression model.

RESULTS: In the propensity score-matched cohorts, there was a 2.4 per 100 person-years greater mortality in patients with PD (20.4 vs. 18.0 per 100 person-years) with an adjusted hazard ratio (HR) of 1.20 (95 % CI 1.06-1.36). For patients with diabetes, ESRD and prior stroke, patients undergoing PD had inferior survival compared with those undergoing HD (adjusted HR 1.22, 95 % CI 1.05-1.43), particularly among female patients (adjusted HR 1.55, 95 % CI 1.25-1.91). For patients with ESRD and prior stroke but without diabetes, there was no significant difference in mortality between PD and HD (adjusted HR 1.20, 95 % CI 0.96-1.50).

CONCLUSIONS: PD was associated with overall poorer survival among patients with diabetes, ESRD and prior stroke and with similar overall survival among patients with ESRD and prior stroke, but without diabetes, compared with HD.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"