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Myocardial injury during radiofrequency and cryoablation of typical atrial flutter.

PURPOSE: Cardiac enzyme elevation after radiofrequency (RF) catheter ablation of atrial flutter (AFL) is common. Some studies found that cryoablation (CRYO) of AFL, compared to RF, is associated with higher levels of troponin, a finding that may indicate CRYO causes a greater amount of myocardial injury than RF. However, other investigations found no significant differences between troponin levels after CRYO versus RF. We have in a randomized study compared the post-procedural troponin I levels in RF and CRYO and the possible relation to procedural outcome and complications.

METHODS: We randomized 153 patients with cavotricuspid isthmus (CTI)-dependent AFL to CRYO or RF (78 CRYO; 75 RF). RF was performed with a 3.5-mm open-irrigated-tip catheter, and CRYO was performed with an 8-mm-tip catheter. Troponin I levels were measured before and 6 h after ablation.

RESULTS: Acute procedural success was achieved in 71/75 patients in the RF and in 72/78 patients in the CRYO. Troponin I levels were significantly elevated in both groups (baseline 0.012, 6th hour 0.35 ng/ml; p < 0.001). Troponin I levels were similar for RF and CRYO. Troponin I levels were higher in patients with acute failure compared to patients with acute success (0.48 ± 0.4 and 0.34 ± 0.16 ng/ml, p = 0.029); however, there was no difference between patients with or without late recurrence. There were no major complications in any group.

CONCLUSION: RF and CRYO for CTI-dependent AFL resulted in similar amounts of procedural myocardial injury. Troponin I levels had no prognostic value for late recurrence of AFL and there were no complications related to high troponin I levels.

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