JOURNAL ARTICLE

A retrospective study of antihypertensives in pemphigus: a still unchartered odyssey particularly between thiols, amides and phenols

Paweł Pietkiewicz, Justyna Gornowicz-Porowska, Monika Bowszyc-Dmochowska, Marian Dmochowski
Archives of Medical Science: AMS 2015 October 12, 11 (5): 1021-7
26528346

INTRODUCTION: Autoimmune pemphigus diseases comprise several entities with serious prognoses, including the pemphigus vulgaris (PV) group and pemphigus foliaceus (PF) group. Antihypertensives are suspected to be one of the factors triggering/sustaining pemphigus. Here, the data of pemphigus patients regarding arterial hypertension (AH) and taking potentially noxious drugs were statistically analyzed in a setting of a Polish university dermatology department.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical histories of pemphigus patients (40 admissions of 24 female patients - 13 PV, 11 PF; and 102 admissions of 38 male patients - 24 PV, 14 PF), diagnosed at both immunopathological and biochemical-molecular levels, were studied.

RESULTS: Ten of 16 (62.50%) AH-positive PV patients received known PV triggers/sustainers 11 times (1-3 per patient). Fourteen of 15 (93.33%) AH-positive PF patients received known PF triggers/sustainers 21 times (1-3 per patient). No differences in numbers of patients taking potentially culprit drugs were shown between PV and PF (Fisher's exact test: p = 0.0829; Yates' χ(2) test: p = 0.1048). The most frequently used culprit drugs were ramipril in PV and enalapril in PF. On average, each PV/PF AH-positive patient received 3.161 different antihypertensives in his/her history of admissions (2.155 antihypertensives per admission).

CONCLUSIONS: Drug triggering should be suspected in every case of newly diagnosed or exacerbated pemphigus, as eliminating possible PV/PF triggers/sustainers may alleviate the clinical symptoms and enable the decrease of dose/range of immunosuppressants regardless of pemphigus form. Eliminating possible drug PV/PF triggers/sustainers may alleviate the clinical symptoms and enable the decrease of dose/range of immunosuppressants regardless of pemphigus form.

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