JOURNAL ARTICLE

Contrast volume to creatinine clearance ratio for the prediction of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients undergoing coronary angiography or percutaneous intervention

Lucia Barbieri, Monica Verdoia, Paolo Marino, Harry Suryapranata, Giuseppe De Luca
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology 2016, 23 (9): 931-7
26525064

BACKGROUND: Contrast-induced nephropathy is a common complication of procedures that are likely to use contrast media. The identification of high-risk patients and preventive optimal hydration are key measures to reduce the incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy. The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of the contrast volume to creatinine clearance ratio (V/CrCl) in the prediction of contrast-induced nephropathy after coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention.

METHODS: Our population consisted of 2308 consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography and/or percutaneous coronary intervention. The risk of contrast-induced nephropathy was evaluated across quartiles of the V/CrCl. Receiver operating characteristic curves were used to identify the best predictive value. Contrast-induced nephropathy was defined as an absolute increase of 0.5 mg/dL or a relative increase of >25% in creatinine levels 24-48 hours after the procedure.

RESULTS: The total incidence of contrast-induced nephropathy was 12.2% and was significantly higher in the fourth quartile (first quartile 8.8%, second quartile 8.9%, third quartile 11.6% and fourth quartile 19.4%; P < 0.001). Using receiver operating characteristic curves we identified V/CrCl ≥ 6.15 as the best discriminant value for the prediction of contrast-induced nephropathy, which occurred in 25.1% of patients with V/CrCl ≥ 6.15 versus 9.7% in patients with V/CrCl < 6.15. These results were also confirmed at multivariate analysis after correction for all baseline confounders (adjusted odds ratio (AOR) (95% confidence interval (CI)) 1.81 (1.19-2.76); P = 0.005). The association between V/CrCl > 6.15 and an increased risk of contrast-induced nephropathy was confirmed among diabetic (11% vs. 27.7%; p P < 0.001) and non-diabetic patients (8.9% vs. 23%; Pp < 0.001), also after correction for all baseline confounders.

CONCLUSIONS: This is one of the largest studies evaluating the association between the V/CrCl ratio and the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy in patients undergoing coronary angiography or percutaneous coronary intervention. We found that a V/CrCl ratio >6.15 was independently associated with an increased risk of contrast-induced nephropathy.

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