Gonadotropin-releasing hormone agonist trigger in oocyte donors co-treated with a gonadotropin-releasing hormone antagonist: a dose-finding study

Thi Ngoc Lan Vuong, Manh Tuong Ho, Tan Duc Ha, Huy Tuan Phung, Gia Bao Huynh, Peter Humaidan
Fertility and Sterility 2016, 105 (2): 356-63

OBJECTIVE: To determine the optimal GnRH agonist dose for triggering of oocyte maturation in oocyte donors.

DESIGN: Single-center, randomized, parallel, investigator-blinded trial.

SETTING: IVFMD, My Duc Hospital, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.

PATIENT(S): One hundred sixty-five oocyte donors (aged 18-35 years, body mass index [BMI] <28 kg/m(2), antimüllerian hormone level >1.25 ng/mL, and antral follicle count ≥6).

INTERVENTION(S): Ovulation trigger with 0.2, 0.3, or 0.4 mg triptorelin in a GnRH antagonist cycle.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): The primary end point was number of metaphase II oocytes. Secondary end points were fertilization and cleavage rates, number of embryos and top-quality embryos, steroid levels, ovarian volume, and ongoing pregnancy rate (PR) in recipients.

RESULT(S): There were no significant differences between the triptorelin 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 mg trigger groups with respect to number of metaphase II oocytes (16.0 ± 8.5, 15.9 ± 7.8, and 14.7 ± 8.4, respectively), embryos (13.2 ± 7.8, 11.7 ± 6.9, 11.8 ± 7.0), and number of top-quality embryos (3.8 ± 2.9, 3.6 ± 3.0, 4.1 ± 3.0). Luteinizing hormone levels at 24 hours and 36 hours after trigger was significantly higher with triptorelin 0.4 mg versus 0.2 mg and 0.3 mg (9.8 ± 7.1 IU/L vs. 7.3 ± 4.1 IU/L and 7.2 ± 3.7 IU/L, respectively; 4.6 ± 3.2 IU/L vs. 3.2 ± 2.3 IU/L and 3.3 ± 2.1 IU/L, respectively. Progesterone level at oocyte pick-up +6 days was significantly higher in the 0.4-mg group (2.2 ± 3.7 ng/ml) versus 0.2 mg (1.1 ± 1.0 ng/ml) and 0.3 mg (1.2 ± 1.6 ng/ml). One patient developed early-onset severe ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome (OHSS).

CONCLUSION(S): No significant differences between triptorelin doses of 0.2, 0.3, and 0.4 mg used for ovulation trigger in oocyte donors were seen with regard to the number of mature oocytes and top-quality embryos.


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