Breast Density Estimation with Fully Automated Volumetric Method: Comparison to Radiologists' Assessment by BI-RADS Categories

Tulika Singh, Madhurima Sharma, Veenu Singla, Niranjan Khandelwal
Academic Radiology 2016, 23 (1): 78-83

RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES: The objective of our study was to calculate mammographic breast density with a fully automated volumetric breast density measurement method and to compare it to breast imaging reporting and data system (BI-RADS) breast density categories assigned by two radiologists.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 476 full-field digital mammography examinations with standard mediolateral oblique and craniocaudal views were evaluated by two blinded radiologists and BI-RADS density categories were assigned. Using a fully automated software, mean fibroglandular tissue volume, mean breast volume, and mean volumetric breast density were calculated. Based on percentage volumetric breast density, a volumetric density grade was assigned from 1 to 4.

RESULTS: The weighted overall kappa was 0.895 (almost perfect agreement) for the two radiologists' BI-RADS density estimates. A statistically significant difference was seen in mean volumetric breast density among the BI-RADS density categories. With increased BI-RADS density category, increase in mean volumetric breast density was also seen (P < 0.001). A significant positive correlation was found between BI-RADS categories and volumetric density grading by fully automated software (ρ = 0.728, P < 0.001 for first radiologist and ρ = 0.725, P < 0.001 for second radiologist). Pairwise estimates of the weighted kappa between Volpara density grade and BI-RADS density category by two observers showed fair agreement (κ = 0.398 and 0.388, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS: In our study, a good correlation was seen between density grading using fully automated volumetric method and density grading using BI-RADS density categories assigned by the two radiologists. Thus, the fully automated volumetric method may be used to quantify breast density on routine mammography.

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