Comparative Proteomic Analysis of Gossypium thurberi in Response to Verticillium dahliae Inoculation

Weiping Fang, Deyi Xie, Heqin Zhu, Wu Li, Zhenzhen Xu, Lirong Yang, Zhifang Li, Li Sun, Jinxia Wang, Lihong Nie, Zhongjie Tang, Shuping Lv, Fu'an Zhao, Yao Sun, Yuanming Zhao, Jianan Hou, Xiaojie Yang
International Journal of Molecular Sciences 2015, 16 (10): 25121-40
Verticillium wilt is threatening cotton productivity globally. This disease is caused by soil-borne Verticillium dahliae which directly infects cotton roots, and exclusively colonizes and occludes xylem vessels, finally resulting in necrosis, defoliation, and most severely, plant death. For the first time, iTRAQ (isobaric tags for relative and absolute quantification) was applied to screen the differentially expressed proteins of Gossypium thurberi inoculated with V. dahliae. A total of 6533 proteins were identified from the roots of G. thurberi after inoculation with V. dahliae, and 396 showed up- and 279 down-regulated in comparison to a mock-inoculated roots. Of these identified proteins, the main functional groups were those involved in cell wall organization and reinforcement, disease-resistant chemicals of secondary metabolism, phytohormone signaling, pathogenesis-related proteins, and disease-resistant proteins. Physiological and biochemical analysis showed that peroxidase activity, which promotes the biosynthesis and accumulation of lignin, was induced early in the hypocotyl after inoculation with V. dahliae. Similarly, salicylic acid also accumulated significantly in hypocotyl of the seedlings after inoculation. These findings provide an important knowledge of the molecular events and regulatory networks occurring during G. thurberi-V. dahliae interaction, which may provide a foundation for breeding disease-resistance in cotton.

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