Serial scanning with technetium pyrophosphate ( 99m Tc-PYP) in advanced ATTR cardiac amyloidosis

Adam Castaño, Albert DeLuca, Richard Weinberg, Ted Pozniakoff, William S Blaner, Altaf Pirmohamed, Brian Bettencourt, Jared Gollob, Verena Karsten, John A Vest, Codruta Chiuzan, Mathew S Maurer, Sabahat Bokhari
Journal of Nuclear Cardiology 2016, 23 (6): 1355-1363

BACKGROUND: Development of noninvasive imaging modalities to quantify amyloid burden over time is an unmet clinical need. Technetium pyrophosphate (99m Tc-PYP) scintigraphy is a simple and widely available radiotracer useful to differentiate transthyretin from light-chain amyloidosis in patients with advanced cardiac amyloidosis. We examined the utility of serial 99m Tc-PYP scanning to quantify amyloid burden over time in TTR cardiac amyloidosis (ATTR-CA).

METHODS AND RESULTS: Twenty subjects with ATTR-CA (10 wild type, 10 mutant) underwent serial 99m Tc-PYP planar cardiac imaging. Cardiac retention was assessed both semiquantitatively (visual score 0, no uptake to 3, uptake greater than bone) and quantitatively (region of interest drawn over the heart, copied, and mirrored over the contralateral chest) to calculate a heart-to-contralateral (H/CL) ratio. Index scan mean visual score and H/CL were 3.0 ± 0.2 and 1.79 ± 0.2, respectively, and after an average 1.5 ± 0.5 years follow-up, did not differ, 3.0 ± 0.2, P = .33 and 1.76 ± 0.2, P = .44. H/CL change was minimal, 0.03 ± 0.17, did not correlate with time between scans, r = 0.19, P = .43, and was observed despite obvious clinical progression (increase in troponin ≥ 0.1 ng/mL, BNP ≥ 400 pg/mL, NYHA class, and/or death).

CONCLUSIONS: Serial 99m Tc-PYP scanning in subjects with advanced ATTR-CA does not show significant changes over an average 1.5 years of follow-up despite obvious clinical progression.

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