JOURNAL ARTICLE

Resistance to conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation in witnessed out-of-hospital cardiac arrest patients with shockable initial cardiac rhythm

Takayuki Otani, Hirotaka Sawano, Keisuke Oyama, Masaya Morita, Tomoaki Natsukawa, Tatsuro Kai
Journal of Cardiology 2016, 68 (2): 161-7
26433911

BACKGROUND: Shockable initial cardiac rhythm is a key predictor of survival after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA). However, not all patients with shockable OHCA achieve return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) via conventional cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR). Therefore, we retrospectively analyzed patients with witnessed OHCA and shockable initial cardiac rhythm to identify the resistance factors for conventional CPR.

METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed consecutive patients with witnessed OHCA and shockable initial cardiac rhythm who were admitted to our hospital between October 2009 and October 2014. We then compared the baseline characteristics, pre-hospital clinical course, and causes of the cardiopulmonary arrest among patients who achieved ROSC via conventional CPR and patients who did not achieve ROSC via conventional CPR and underwent extracorporeal CPR (ECPR).

RESULTS: A total of 85 patients achieved ROSC via conventional CPR (non-ECPR group) and 40 patients did not achieve ROSC via conventional CPR and underwent ECPR (ECPR group). Among these 125 patients, 113 had known causes for their cardiopulmonary arrest, including 66 cases (53%) of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). There were no significant differences in the causes of arrest between the non-ECPR and ECPR cases. However, among the 66 cases of AMI (43 non-ECPR and 23 ECPR), the rate of non-recanalization during the initial coronary angiography was significantly higher among the ECPR cases (non-ECPR: 58% vs. ECPR: 87%; p=0.03).

CONCLUSIONS: The major cause of witnessed OHCA with shockable initial cardiac rhythm was AMI, and resistance to conventional CPR was related to continuous myocardial ischemia.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26433911
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"