MicroRNA-92a promotes growth, metastasis, and chemoresistance in non-small cell lung cancer cells by targeting PTEN

Ping Ren, Fangchao Gong, Yan Zhang, Jindong Jiang, Hong Zhang
Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine 2016, 37 (3): 3215-25
MicroRNA-92a (miR-92a) has been reported to play important roles in tumorigenesis of human various cancers. However, the roles and underlying molecular mechanism of miR-92a in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) have not been totally elucidated. Therefore, the aims of this study were to determine the role of miR-92a and to elucidate its regulatory mechanism in NSCLC. We found that miR-92a was significantly upregulated in NSCLC tissues compared to matched adjacent normal lung tissues, and its expression is significantly associated with clinical characteristics of patients, including tumor, node, and metastasis (TNM) stage; tumor size; and lymph node metastasis (all Pā€‰<ā€‰0.01). Function assays demonstrated that upregulation of miR-92a in NSCLC cells promoted cell proliferation, migration, and invasion, decreased apoptosis and caspase-3 activity, and enhanced chemoresistance of NSCLC cells, whereas downregulation of miR-92a showed the opposite effects. Moreover, phosphatase and tensin homolog (PTEN), a unique tumor suppressor gene, was confirmed as a direct target of miR-92a, and PTEN messenger RNA (mRNA) expression was decreased in NSCLC tissues and was inversely correlated with miR-92a. Downregulation of PTEN could mimic the same effects of miR-92a mimic in NSCLC cells and rescue the effects on NSCLC cells induced by miR-92a inhibitor. Taken together, these findings suggested that miR-92a could promote growth, metastasis, and chemoresistance in NSCLC cells at least partially by targeting PTEN.

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