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Nasal anatomy and maxillary surgery. III. Surgical techniques for correction of nasal deformities in patients undergoing maxillary surgery

F O'Ryan, A Carlotti
International Journal of Adult Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery 1989, 4 (3): 157-74
This is the third part of a three-part series about the influence of maxillary surgery on the nose. In part I a systematic description of the esthetic evaluation of the nasofacial region on an anatomic basis was presented and discussed. In part II select cases that illustrated various unfavorable nasolabial changes following Le Fort I osteotomies were presented. Based on the principles presented in parts I and II, part III describes specific surgical techniques for patients undergoing maxillary surgery to (1) prevent unesthetic nasolabial changes; (2) concomitantly correct pre-existing nasal deformities; and (3) identify patients in whom secondary rhinoplasty should be considered.

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