JOURNAL ARTICLE
MULTICENTER STUDY
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL

FUTURE-2: Results from an open-label, long-term safety and tolerability extension study using the pediatric FormUlation of bosenTan in pUlmonary arterial hypeRtEnsion

Rolf M F Berger, Sheila G Haworth, Damien Bonnet, Yves Dulac, Alain Fraisse, Nazzareno Galiè, D Dunbar Ivy, Xavier Jaïs, Oliver Miera, Erika B Rosenzweig, Michela Efficace, Andjela Kusic-Pajic, Maurice Beghetti
International Journal of Cardiology 2016 January 1, 202: 52-8
26386921

BACKGROUND: A novel formulation of bosentan was evaluated in children with pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) in FUTURE-1, which characterized its pharmacokinetic and clinical profile. The subsequent phase III, open-label, long-term extension study, FUTURE-2, aimed to provide long-term tolerability, safety and exploratory efficacy data.

METHODS: Children (≥2 and <12 years) with idiopathic or heritable PAH, who completed 12-week treatment in FUTURE-1 and for whom bosentan was considered beneficial were enrolled, and continued to receive bosentan 4 mg/kg twice-daily, which could be down-titrated to 2mg/kg if not tolerated. Safety and tolerability were evaluated via treatment-emergent adverse events (AEs), serious AEs, growth, and laboratory measurements. Exploratory efficacy endpoints included time to PAH worsening and long-term survival. All analyses were conducted on pooled data of both studies.

RESULTS: 36 patients were enrolled in FUTURE-1 and 33 continued in FUTURE-2. The overall median duration of exposure to bosentan was 27.7 (range 1.9-59.6) months. Treatment-emergent AEs occurred in 32 (88.9%) patients; AEs considered treatment-related in 15 (41.7%) patients. Of 51 serious AEs, three were considered treatment-related: two incidences of reported PAH worsening and one of autoimmune hepatitis. Six deaths occurred; none were considered treatment-related. Kaplan-Meier event-free estimates of PAH worsening were 78.9% and 73.6% at 2 and 4 years, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS: The pediatric bosentan formulation was generally well tolerated, its safety profile comparable to that of the adult formulation when used in children. The results are in line with the efficacy profile of bosentan in previous pediatric and adult PAH studies of shorter duration.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
26386921
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.