Pathology of Struma Ovarii: A Report of 96 Cases

Shuanzeng Wei, Zubair W Baloch, Virginia A LiVolsi
Endocrine Pathology 2015, 26 (4): 342-8
Thyroid tissue is a relatively frequent component of mature teratoma and can occur in 5-20 % of cases. Struma ovarii is defined as ovarian goiter which comprises either entirely or predominantly thyroid tissue (>50 %). This also includes cases of mature teratoma with less than 50 % thyroid tissue but harboring thyroid-associated malignancy. A total of 118 patients with mature teratoma containing thyroid tissue were identified at our institution (1989 to 2014). Ninety-six cases were diagnosed struma ovarii, including 10 cases of papillary thyroid carcinoma, 1 case of highly differentiated follicular carcinoma of ovarian origin (HDFCO), 5 cases of strumal carcinoid, and 80 cases of struma ovarii (53 cases of thyroid-only struma ovarii). Six cases had diffuse adenomatous hyperplasia, and seven cases had focal adenomatous hyperplasia. There was no recurrence on follow-up except one of the papillary thyroid carcinomas. Concurrent primary ovarian lesions included: serous cystadenoma--3, mucinous cystadenoma--4, Brenner tumor--3, thecoma--2, ovarian fibroma--1, and focal hilus cell hyperplasia--4 cases. In this series, papillary thyroid carcinoma and strumal carcinoid were the most common well-differentiated neoplasm/malignancies arising in struma ovarii; these demonstrate a minimal or no aggressive clinical behavior.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.