GSTP1 and GSTO1 single nucleotide polymorphisms and the response of bladder cancer patients to intravesical chemotherapy

Xiaheng Deng, Xiao Yang, Yidong Cheng, Xuzhong Liu, Xiao Li, Ruizhe Zhao, Chao Qin, Qiang Lu, Changjun Yin
Scientific Reports 2015 September 10, 5: 14000
SNPs may restrict cell detoxification activity and be a potential risk factor for cancer chemosensitivity. We evaluated the predictive value of these polymorphisms on the sensitivity of bladder cancer patients to epirubicin and mitomycin chemotherapy instillation as well as their toxicities. SNPs were analyzed by TaqMan genotyping assays in 130 patients treated with epirubicin and 114 patients treated with mitomycin. Recurrence-free survival (RFS) was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method, and hazard ratios (HRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) of the HRs were derived from multivariate Cox proportional hazard models. GSTP1 rs1695 and GSTO1 rs4925 were also associated with RFS in the epirubicin group. Patients carrying the GSTP1 AG+GG and GSTO1 AC+AA genotypes had an unfavorable RFS. Patients with the GSTP1 AA and GSTO1 CC genotypes had a reduced risk of recurrence after the instillation of epirubicin. In addition, patients with the GSTP1 rs1695 AA genotype had an increased risk of irritative voiding symptoms; while patients with the GSTO1 rs4925 CC genotype had a decreased risk of hematuria. Our results suggest that GSTP1 and GSTO1 polymorphisms are associated with epirubicin treatment outcomes as well as with epirubicin-related toxicity.

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