A Novel-Modified Provisional Bifurcation Stenting Technique: Jailed Semi-Inflated Balloon Technique

Murat Çaylı, Taner Şeker, Mustafa Gür, Zafer Elbasan, Durmus Yildiray Şahin, Mehmet Ali Elbey, Habib Çil
Journal of Interventional Cardiology 2015, 28 (5): 420-9

OBJECTIVE: We proposed a new technique for the treatment of coronary bifurcation lesions, called jailed semi-inflated balloon technique (JSBT).

BACKGROUND: Currently, provisional approach is recommended to treat most of coronary bifurcation lesions. However, it is associated with the risk of side branch (SB) occlusion after main vessel (MV) stenting due to plaque or carina shift into the SB. The SB occlusion may cause peri-procedural myonecrosis or hemodynamic compromise. Therefore, strategies are needed to reduce the SB occlusion during provisional approach.

METHODS: Between September 2014 and April 2015, we selected 137 patients (104 male, 33 female; mean age 63.6 ± 11.7 years) with 148 distinct coronary bifurcation lesions underwent percutaneous coronary intervention using JSBT. All patients were followed with hospital visits or telephone contact up to 1 month.

RESULTS: The majority of the patients had acute coronary syndrome (64.2%) and Medina 1.1.1. bifurcation lesions (62.8%). The lesion localization was distal left main (LM) coronary artery in 28 patients. After the MV stenting, thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) 3 flow was established in 100% of both MV and SB. There was no SB occlusion in any patient. There was no major adverse cardiac event during in-hospital stay and 1 month follow-up.

CONCLUSIONS: The JSBT technique can be successfully performed in both LM and non-LM bifurcation lesion. This technique provides high rate of procedural success, excellent SB protection during MV stenting and excellent immediate clinical outcome.

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