Journal Article
Observational Study
Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
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Radiofrequency endometrial ablation for the treatment of heavy menstrual bleeding among women at high surgical risk.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate quality of life (QoL) after radiofrequency endometrial ablation (RFEA) for heavy menstrual bleeding among women at high surgical risk.

METHODS: An observational study was undertaken among women aged at least 18 years who underwent RFEA at Hanover Medical School, Germany, between June 2010 and November 2012. A validated menorrhagia outcomes questionnaire (MOQ) was used to evaluate QoL and global outcomes among patients at high risk and low risk of complications after major surgery. The high-risk group included women with anemia, coagulopathy, anticoagulation, thromboembolism, transplantation, malignancy, severe cardiovascular or pulmonary disease, and obesity.

RESULTS: Overall, 235 women underwent RFEA during the study period. Median follow-up was 13 months (range 3-30). Questionnaire responses were received from 202 (86.0%) women, including 132 (65.3%) high-risk patients. The MOQ total outcome (mean difference 2.0; P = 0.166) and QoL/satisfaction (mean difference 0.8; P = 0.601) scores were similar in the two groups. Success (i.e. symptom relief and no further surgery) was recorded for 119 (90.2%) patients in the high-risk group and 67 (95.7%) patients in the low-risk group (P = 0.155).

CONCLUSION: RFEA improved QoL and achieved a high rate of satisfaction for both high- and low-risk patients. RFEA offers a less invasive alternative to hysterectomy and its associated perioperative risks, particularly among high-risk patients.

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