JOURNAL ARTICLE

Dent disease in children: diagnostic and therapeutic considerations

Maria Szczepanska, Marcin Zaniew, Florian Recker, Malgorzata Mizerska-Wasiak, Iga Zaluska-Lesniewska, Katarzyna Kilis-Pstrusinska, Piotr Adamczyk, Jan Zawadzki, Krzysztof Pawlaczyk, Michael Ludwig, Przemyslaw Sikora
Clinical Nephrology 2015, 84 (4): 222-30
26308078

BACKGROUND: Dent disease (DD) is a rare X-linked tubulopathy characterized by a proximal tubular dysfunction leading to nephrocalcinosis/nephrolithiasis and progressive renal failure. The disease is associated with a mutation either in CLCN5 or OCRL genes. We aim to define clinical and genetic disease characteristics and summarize treatments of Polish patients with DD.

METHODS: The study cohort consists of 10 boys (aged 5 - 16.5 years) whose data were collected through POLtube Registry.

RESULTS: All of the patients had tubular proteinuria, hypercalciuria, and nephrocalcinosis/nephrolithiasis. Renal impairment and growth deficiency were found in 3 patients and rickets in 2 patients. In total, 9 of 10 patients carried a mutation in the CLCN5 gene. Five of 9 detected mutations were novel. In 1 patient with a clinical phenotype of DD, no mutations in either CLCN5 or OCRL were discovered. Therapy consisted of thiazides in 7 patients, and phosphate supplements and enalapril in 3 cases. Growth hormone therapy was initiated in 3 patients and resulted in improved growth rate.

CONCLUSIONS: We report clinical and molecular characterization of Polish children with DD. Our study suggests that this tubulopathy may be generally under-diagnosed in Poland. The study revealed variable treatments, demonstrating a need for therapeutic guidelines.

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