Cerebral Oximetry as a Real-Time Monitoring Tool to Assess Quality of In-Hospital Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation and Post Cardiac Arrest Care

Akram W Ibrahim, Antoine R Trammell, Harland Austin, Kenya Barbour, Emeka Onuorah, Dorothy House, Heather L Miller, Chandila Tutt, Deborah Combs, Roger Phillips, Neal W Dickert, A Maziar Zafari
Journal of the American Heart Association 2015, 4 (8): e001859

BACKGROUND: Regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2) as assessed by near infrared frontal cerebral spectroscopy decreases in circulatory arrest and increases with high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We hypothesized that higher rSO2 during cardiopulmonary resuscitation and after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) would predict survival to discharge and neurological recovery.

METHODS AND RESULTS: This prospective case series included patients experiencing in-hospital cardiac arrest. Cerebral oximetry was recorded continuously from initiation of resuscitation until ROSC and up to 48 hours post-arrest. Relationships between oximetry data during these time periods and outcomes of resuscitation survival and survival to discharge were analyzed. The cohort included 27 patients. Nineteen (70.3%) achieved ROSC, and 8 (29.6%) survived to discharge. Median arrest duration was 20.8 minutes (range=8 to 74). There was a significant difference in rSO2 between resuscitation survivors and resuscitation nonsurvivors at initiation of the resuscitative efforts (35% versus 17.5%, P=0.03) and during resuscitation (36% versus 15%, P=0.0008). No significant association was observed between rSO2 at ROSC or during the post-arrest period and survival to discharge. Among patients who survived to discharge, there was no association between cerebral performance category and rSO2 at ROSC, during resuscitation, or post-arrest.

CONCLUSIONS: Higher rSO2 levels at initiation of resuscitation and during resuscitation are associated with resuscitation survival and may reflect high-quality cardiopulmonary resuscitation. However, in this small series, rSO2 was not predictive of good neurological outcome. Larger studies are needed to determine whether this monitoring modality can be used to improve clinical outcomes.

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