Probing Inter- and Intrachain Exciton Coupling in Isolated Poly(3-hexylthiophene) Nanofibers: Effect of Solvation and Regioregularity

Mina Baghgar, Joelle Labastide, Felicia Bokel, Irene Dujovne, Aidan McKenna, Austin M Barnes, Emily Pentzer, Todd Emrick, Ryan Hayward, Michael D Barnes
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 2012 June 21, 3 (12): 1674-9
We report wavelength and time-resolved photoluminescence studies of isolated extended (1-10 μm length) poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT) nanofibers (xNFs) cast on glass from suspension. The PL spectra of xNFs show multiple vibronic replicas that appear to be associated with the existence of both H- and J-type aggregates. The PL spectra of xNFs made from regioregular (rr)- (93%) and highly regioregular (hrr)-P3HT (98%) both show similarities in PL spectra suggestive of common chain packing features, as well as subtle differences that can be attributed to higher long-range order in the hrr-xNFs. Specifically, PL spectral measurements on isolated xNFs made from highly regioregular (>98%) P3HT showed a red-shifted electronic origin (≈30 meV) and increased 0-0/0-1 PL intensity ratio for the J-type species, suggestive of enhanced structural coherence length and intrachain order.


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