Spontaneous coronary artery dissection: the management dilemma continues

Zaheer Ahmed, Ata Bajwa, Bhaskar Bhardwaj, Steven B Laster, Anthony Magalski
BMJ Case Reports 2015 August 13, 2015
Spontaneous coronary artery dissection (SCAD) is an increasingly recognised cause of acute coronary syndrome, particularly in women. A 36-year-old Caucasian woman presented to our hospital with sudden onset chest pain and was diagnosed with a non-ST elevation myocardial infarction. Coronary angiography revealed mid and distal left anterior descending artery (LAD) dissection with distal LAD occlusion. A short segment of apical LAD filled late with incomplete opacification (Thrombolysis In Myocardial Infarction (TIMI) 1 flow). A decision was made to treat the patient conservatively, with subsequent resolution of dissection over the next 3 months. Our patient made a good clinical recovery with healing of her affected coronary vasculature on subsequent angiogram. The case illustrates that SCAD can be managed conservatively with antiplatelet agents, β-blockers, heparin and statins, if the patient is haemodynamically stable and coronary flow is adequate.

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