Azadircta indica as a modulator of membrane stability parameters and surface changes during 1,2 dimethylhydrazine-induced colorectal carcinogenesis

Y Dong, G Wu
Pathologie-biologie 2015, 63 (4-5): 204-9

OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to study the modulatory potential of Azadirta indica on colonic surface abnormalities and membrane fluidity changes following 1,2 dimethylhydrazine-induced [DMH] colon carcinogenesis.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Brush border membranes [BBM] were isolated from the colon of rats and the viscosity as well as fluidity parameters were assessed by using the membrane extrinsic fluorophore pyrene.

RESULTS: DMH treatment resulted in a significant increase in lipid peroxidation [LPO]. Reduced glutathione levels [GSH] and the activities of glutathione reductase [GR], glutathione transferase [GST], superoxide dismutase [SOD], catalase [CAT] and glutathione peroxidase [GPx] were found to be significantly decreased following DMH treatment. On the other hand, supplementation with AI, DMH-treated rats resulted in a significant decrease in the levels of lipid peroxidation but caused a significant increase in the levels of GSH as well in the activities of GR, GST, SOD, CAT and GPx. The results further demonstrated a marked decrease in membrane microviscosity following DMH treatment. On the other hand, a significant increase was observed in the excimer/monomer ratio and fluidity parameter of DMH-treated rats when compared to normal control rats. However, the alterations in membrane microviscosity and the fluidity parameters were significantly restored following A. indica treatment. Further, histological as well as colon surface alterations were also observed following DMH treatment, which however were greatly prevented upon AI co-administration.

CONCLUSIONS: The study, therefore, concludes that A. indica proves to be useful in modulating the colonic surface abnormalities and membrane stability following DMH-induced colon carcinogenesis.

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