Polyfuran-Derived Microporous Carbons for Enhanced Adsorption of CO₂ and CH₄

Jun Wang, Rajamani Krishna, Xiaofei Wu, Yingqiang Sun, Shuguang Deng
Langmuir: the ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids 2015 September 15, 31 (36): 9845-52
Oxygen-doped microporous carbons were synthesized by chemical activation of polyfuran with KOH or ZnCl2 at 600 and 800 °C. It was found that KOH preserves and ZnCl2 eliminates the O-C functional groups in the activation process. The O-doped carbon activated with KOH at 800 °C exhibited a high CO2 capacity (4.96 mmol g(-1), 273 K, 1 bar) and CH4 adsorption capacity (2.27 mmol g(-1), 273 K, 1 bar). At 298 K and 1 bar, a very high selectivity for separating CO2/N2 (41.7) and CO2/CH4 (6.8) gas mixture pairs was obtained on the O-doped carbon activated with KOH at 600 °C. The excellent separation ability of the O-doped carbons was demonstrated in transient breakthrough simulations of CO2/CH4/N2 mixtures in a fixed bed adsorber. The isosteric adsorption heats of the O-doped carbons were also significantly lower than those of MOF-74 and NaX zeolite. The O-doped microporous carbon adsorbents appear to be a very promising adsorbent for CO2 capture from flue gas, biogas upgrading, and CH4 storage.

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