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COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

[Comparison of anxiety and depression state among patients with different type of vestibular peripheral vertigo]

Qing Yuan, Dongmei Shi, Lisheng Yu, Xingxing Ke, Hua Zhang
Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery 2014, 29 (8): 729-32
26248448

OBJECTIVE: To investigate and analyze the status of anxiety and depression among patients with four types of peripheral vertigo.

METHOD: The clinical data of patients with one of the four types of peripheral vertigo, namely benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV), vestibular migraine (VM), Menière's disease (MD), and vestibular neuritis (VN), were collected. Thorough otological and neuro-otological examinations were performed on these patients, and their status of anxiety and depression were assessed using self-rating anxiety scale (SAS) and self-rating depression scale (SDS).

RESULT: A total of 129 patients with one of the four types of peripheral vertigo(49 cases of BPPV, 37 cases of VM, 28 cases of MD and 15 cases of VN) were included in the study. The scores of SAS and SDS were higher in the patients with VM or MD than those with BPPV or VN (P < 0.05), and the incidence of anxiety (VM = 45.9% MD = 50.0%) and depression (VM = 27.0% MD = 28.6%) were higher in the patients with VM or MD than those with BPPV or VN (P < 0.05). Paired comparisons showed the differences between the incidences of BPPV and MV groups, BPPV and MD groups, and MD and VN groups were statistically significant (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Among patients with different types of peripheral vertigo, anxiety/depression is more common in patients with VM or MD. This may be due to the different mechanisms involved in different types of vertigo, as well as differences in the prevention and self-control of the patients against the vertigo.

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